Friday, October 31, 2014

Great Lakes Maritime Frequencies

This was e-mailed to me. I've played around and many of the frequencies are used.
Great info to have.

Channel Number - Frequency
01 - 156.050 Commercial 05 - 156.250 Commercial
06 - 156.300 Intership safety 07 - 157.350 Commercial
08 - 156.400 Intership safety 09 - 156.450 Commercial
10 - 156.500 Commercial 11 - 156.550 Commercial
12 - 156.600 Port Operations 13 - 156.650 Port Operations
14 - 156.700 Commercial 14 - 157.700 Commercial
15 - 156.750 Environmental 16 - 156.800 Calling/distress
17 - 156.850 Admin/Enforcement 18 - 156.900 Commercial
19 - 156.950 Commercial 20A - 161.600 Port Operations
20 - 157.000 Port Operations 21 - 157.050 Coast Guard
22 - 157.100 Coast Guard 23 - 157.150 Coast Guard
24 - 161.800 Radio telephone 25 - 161.850 Radio telephone
26 - 161.900 Radio telephone 27 - 161.950 Radio telephone
28 - 162.000 Radio telephone 63 - 156.175 Commercial
65 - 156.275 Port Operations 66 - 156.325 Port Operations
67 - 156.375 Commercial 68  -156.425 non-Commercial
69 - 156.475 non-Commercial 70 - 156.525 non-Commercial
71 - 156.575 non-Commercial 72 - 156.625 non-Commercial
73 - 156.675 Port Operations 74 - 156.725 Port Operations
77 - 156.875 Commercial 78 - 156.925 non-Commercial
79 - 156.975 Commercial 80 - 157.025 Commercial
81 - 157.075 Coast Guard 82 - 157.125 Coast Guard
83 - 157.175 Coast Guard 84 - 161.825 Radio telephone
85 - 161.875 Radio telephone 86 - 161.925 Radio telephone
87 - 161.975 Radio telephone 88 - 157.425 Commercial
83B - 161.775 Coast Guard 21B -161.650 Coast Guard
* Not all channels used in all areas.
Low power on board communications

457.525 457.550 457.575 457.600 467.750 467.775 467.800 467.825
Automated Maritime Telecommunications System
  (AMTS) voice, fax, and teletype

216.0125 through 219.9875 (12.5 kHz steps) channels 101-180

Maritime Frequencies from the consolidated list

Coast Guard Auxiliary/ Coast Guard
143.280, 143.875,  148.305,  148.825,  165.3375,   165.3125,  164.300, 165.2625
Tactical 162.125,  162.325,  163.125
Cutter 232.100
Search & rescue 237.900
Air/sea rescue 287.800
Coast Guard 381.800 (helicopter)
Coast Guard secondary 383.900
Coast Guard reserve 30.36,  30.38 
Other Coast Guard:
30.33, 30.41,  32.19,  34.01,  40.40,  41.21,   41.23,  41.70,  41.71,  41.75,  41.83,  41.85,   162.125 (tac), 162.325 (tac), 162.225 (tns),  162.5625,  163.125,   164.550,  164.9875,  165.2125, 172.300,  172.400,  407.625,   407.925,  407.975,  409.825, 410.125,  419.650
Vessel Traffic Services
Vessel Traffic Services are in place at several sites around the Great Lakes. These stations are set up to provide mariners with traffic information to add to the safety of vessels when transiting cramped, high traffic water ways. The service requires vessels to call in at certain points and then relays that information to other vessels. This is Great if you own a scanner and live in the area.

Detroit & St. Clair River Area Maritime Frequencies

Coast Guard
157.175 - St. Clair 
157.050 - Port Huron/ Belle Isle 
157.125 - Sarnia Ont. 
157.150 - Detroit group 
157.100 - Working channel from 16, Marine Safety Broadcast 
156.700 - Macomb Co. Sheriff Marine Patrol 
156.800 - Calling and distress (monitored by all) 
381.800 - Helicopter (out of Selfridge ANG Base; can also be heard on other C.G. VHF channels during operations) 
161.875/157.275 (duplex) weather reports from other stations/ships 161.900, 162.000 Detroit.
161.875/157.275 (duplex) Sarnia-- marine operator 
161.775 - Continuous marine broadcast, Leamington and Kincardine Ont. 
161.650 - Continuous marine broadcast, Sarnia and Port Burwell Ont.

VTS Sarnia
All ships over 20 meters, transiting the system between Detroit River Light in lake Erie and and Huron Cut Lights 11+12 in Lake Huron, must report in on these three channels: 
156.550 - Sarnia traffic (ch.11) from Huron Cut to St.Clair Crib Light. 
156.600 - Sarnia traffic (ch.12) from Detroit River Light to St. Clair Crib. 
156.650 - Sarnia traffic (ch.13) back up for ch. 11 + 12 
  Chart of the area

Commercial
156.500 - J.W. Westcott Co. (Mail Boat); Port Huron Pilot office; Rouge River bridges. 
156.500, 156.900 - tug companies. 
156.700 - Sterling fuel dock. 
156.950 - towing/salvage. 
156.400, 156.300, 156.275 - ship to ship 
156.450 -Yacht clubs 

Soo Area Maritime Frequencies
156.600 - Soo Control St. Mary's River Traffic Service From De Tour Reef Light to Ile Parisienne light.
156.700 - Soo Lockmaster 
156.400 - Soo Warehouse Supply boat

Duluth Area Maritime Frequencies
156.300 - Ship to ship
157.350 - Ship working
156.400 - Ship to ship
156.500 - Docks and bridges
156.550 - USS walkie talkies
156.600 - Agents/ship
156.650 - Pilots and USS ship/shore
156.800 - Calling
156.900 - G tugs and ship working channel
156.950 - Interlake ship working
157.050, 157.100, 157.150 - USCG

St. Lawrence Seaway and Welland Canal

156.700 - Seaway Beauharnois Sector 1
156.600 - Seaway Eisenhower Sector 2
156.550 - Seaway Iroquois Sector 3
156.650 - Seaway Clayton Sector 4 (St. Lawrence River portion)
156.650 - Seaway Sodus Sector 4 (Lake Ontario portion)
156.550 - Seaway Newcastle Sector 5
156.700 - Seaway Welland Sector 6
156.550 - Seaway Long Point Sector 7
Welland Canal
156.850 Upbound ship to lock
156.325 Downbound ship to lock
Cleveland
156.500 Great Lakes Towing (reports all traffic in the river)
156.650 Bridges
156.800 Security Calls

HF on the lakes

HF used by various shore stations around the lakes. With VHF and cellular phones these frequencies end up used most often to provide weather reports and notice to mariners broadcasts. Every great once-in-a-while you will hear a ship to shore phone call on them. All listed are upper side band unless otherwise noted. 

Freq/ Station 
2514.0 VCC Quebec CG Radio 
2550.0 WLC Rogers City MI 
2598.0 Canadian Coast Guard 
2582.0 WLC and various Canadian CG 
4369.0 WLC wx and some phone 
4381.0 WLC 
4408.0 WLC 
4143.5 Upper Lakes Shipping (Canada) 
6218.5 Upper Lakes Shipping (Canada) 
5692.0 US Coast Guard - Traverse City and Detriot Air Stations

Common Radio Frequencies used by Great Lakes Vessels

Algoma 156.875 Channel 77
Algoma 156.925 Channel 78
Algoma 157.425 Channel 88
American Steamship 156.900 Channel 18
Andrie Towing 156.950 Channel 19
Andrie Towing 156.475 Channel 69
Carferry Badger 156.475 Channel 69
Bethlehem Steel 156.325 Channel 66
Oglebay Norton 156.950 Channel 19 (Columbia Star, Middletown)
Oglebay Norton 156.275 Channel 65 (Varies according to boat.)
Oglebay Norton 156.325 Channel 66 (Joe Frantz)
Oglebay Norton 156.875 Channel 77 (Reserve)
Oglebay Norton 156.925 Channel 78 (Middletown)
Oglebay Norton 156.975 Channel 79 (Armco)
Oglebay Norton & Desgagnes 156.375 Channel 67 (Varies according to boat.)
Great Lakes Towing 156.300 Channel 06
Great Lakes Towing 156.500 Channel 10
Great Lakes Towing 156.900 Channel 18
Hanna Towing 156.725 Channel 74
Central Marine Logistics 156.275 Channel 65
Central Marine Logistics 156.325 Channel 66
Central Marine Logistics 156.375 Channel 67
Interlake 156.350 Channel 07
Interlake 156.950 Channel 19 (Varies according to boat.)
Interlake 156.275 Channel 65
Interlake 156.375 Channel 67
Interlake 156.575 Channel 71 (Paul Tregurtha)
Interlake 156.925 Channel 78 (Lee A. Tregurtha)
Interlake 156.975 Channel 79 (Charles M. Beegley)
Lafarge Cement 156.875 Channel 77
Cemex Cement 156.250 Channel 05 (Challenger)
Cemex Cement 156.725 Channel 74 (Conquest)
Paterson 156.375 Channel 67
Mapleglen - Oakglen 156.325 Channel 66
Mapleglen - Oakglen 156.525 Channel 70
Mapleglen - Oakglen 156.575 Channel 71
Mapleglen - Oakglen 156.875 Channel 77
Presque Isle 154.600
St. Marys Cement 156.375 Channel 67
Selvick Towing 156.500 Channel 10
Selvick Towing 156.875 Channel 77
Selvick Towing 156.725 Channel 74
Upper Lakes Group 156.275 Channel 65
Upper Lakes Group 156.325 Channel 66
U.S.X. Great Lakes Fleet 467.775 USX "Ch. 1"
U.S.X. Great Lakes Fleet 467.800 USX "Ch. 2"
U.S.X. Great Lakes Fleet 467.400 USX "Ch. 3"
Upper Lakes Towing 156.675 Channel 73 (Joe Thompson)
BN Ore Dock, Superior, WI *160.515 (RR frequency)
Taconite Harbor Ore Dock *451.975 (RR frequency)

*Docks use ships walkie-talkie frequency when actual loading is taking place

Tuesday, September 23, 2014

Michigan PRB -1 Call to Action – Michigan Senate

To the hams of Michigan:

Subject: Michigan PRB -1 Call to Action – Michigan Senate

On September 16, 2014, members of the Michigan PRB -1 Committee
attended a Senate Hearing in Lansing regarding Senate Bill 0493. We are
extremely pleased to report that SB 0493 Substitute S-2 to codify the
language of 47 CFR Part 97.15 into state law was unanimously passed out
of the Energy and Technology Committee. You can see SB 0493 S-2 on our
PRB-1 website located here: http://www.miarrlprb1.org/

It is time for us to begin our letter writing campaign targeting our
Michigan Senators in a effort to encourage them to look closely at SB
0493 and to vote in favor of the bill when it comes up for a vote on
the Senate floor. A very important part of communication with our
elected officials is that we need to keep our focus on the positive
side. This is not the place to discuss his or her voting record or what
other legislation they have supported or not supported. It is vital that
we stay on topic and deal with only the subject at hand.

The appropriate documentation has been prepared on our Michigan PRB-1
website located at http://www.miarrlprb1.org/ and you can read more and
find sample letters there. 

It is very important that we concentrate ONLY on the Senate right now.
When and if the Senate passes the bill, then we will change the
emphasis to the members of the House. The letters are identical except
for the appropriate changes to reflect where the letters are going. 

All you need to do is to copy the prepared letter from our website, add
your Senator’s information and your information to the letter and
email it to your Senator asking for his or her support. You can find
out who your Senator is and how to reach him or her here:
http://www.senate.michigan.gov/findyoursenator/michiganfys.asp

The website noted above will give you a direct email address for your
Senator. When your letter is customized with your Senator’s
information and your information, you can send your letter direction to
your Senator. The lack of a physical signature is not important here. By
the very nature of the method of contacting them, an actual signature is
difficult to accomplish.

Please send me a copy of your letter (wb8r@arrl.org) as this will help
our committee to gauge our effectiveness.

If things work the way we would like them to, our efforts will turn to
the Michigan House once our bill passes the Senate. And when and if our
bill passes the House, then we will turn our attention to the
Governor’s office to urge him to sign our bill into law.

This is the very best opportunity we have to make a difference for the
hams of Michigan. Talk it up, and step forward to make sure that your
friends (ham and non-ham) have the information and that they are
encouraged to act. We need to add our voices to this bill to help
ensure that our representatives act on our behalf.

Thank you in advance and 73!

Larry, WB8R 

Michigan ARRL Section Manager

--------------------------------------------------------------------
ARRL Michigan Section
Section Manager: Larry Camp, WB8R
wb8r@arrl.org
--------------------------------------------------------------------

To unsubscribe from messages, go to:
http://p1k.arrl.org/oo/3ab88dc356b8b8d52b7d665cfde0feae

Saturday, August 9, 2014

GAREC 2014 to be Held in Conjunction with 2014 HUNTSVILLE HAMFEST

The 2014 Global Amateur Radio Emergency Conference will be held this year just prior to the Huntsville Hamfest, in Huntsville Alabama. The conference will take place August 14th and 15th at the Embassy Suites Hotel which is adjacent to the convention venue at the Von Braun Convention Center. The hamfest will immediately follow on the weekend of August 16th and 17th.

Planners of the 2014 Global Amateur Radio Emergency Conference say that all emergency communication minded radio amateurs and professionals planners from around the world are invited to attend. They add that the conference agenda, full information and a website are currently being developed. More on the Huntsville Hamfest is on line at hamfest.org.

Source (VK3PC)

Tuesday, August 5, 2014

"The Amateur Radio Parity Act of 2014"

The just-concluded ARRL National Centennial Convention in Hartford, Connecticut, helped to impart added energy into efforts to line up co-sponsors for "The Amateur Radio Parity Act of 2014" also known as House of Representatives measure H R 4969.

H R 4969 was introduced in the US House of Representatives with bipartisan support in late June. It asks Congress to direct the FCC to apply the "reasonable accommodation" three-part test of the PRB-1 federal pre-emption policy to private land-use restrictions regarding antennas. 

The measures primary sponsor is Republican Representative Adam Kinzinger of Illinois. It received initial co-sponsorship from Democrat Joe Courtney of Connecticut. Four additional members of the House had since signed aboard to co-sponsor the bill by July 24th. On July 29th, ARRL Hudson Division Director Mike Lisenco, N2YBB, posted to Facebook that two more House law makers had thrown their support to H R 4969. . 

By way of background, right now present PRB-1 only applies to state and municipal land-use ordinances. The FCC has indicated that it will not act to provide the same legal protections from private land-use agreements -- often called covenants, conditions, and restrictions without direction from Congress. As such, the Amateur Radio Parity Act of 2014 is an attempt by the League to muster the needed push to get the FCC to act on this matter.

Speaking at the convention, ARRL General Counsel Chris Imlay, W3KD, says that there already is precedent for the FCC to act. He explains that the Commission's so-called Over-the-Air Receiving Device rules currently preempt private land-use agreements to permit the installation of television antennas and satellite dishes. Based on this, Imlay suggests that making the leap to reasonably accommodating outdoor amateur radio antennas is within the FCC's regulatory scope. This, given the established strong federal interest in effective amateur radio communication.

On the other side, Imlay said the bill faces opposition from the Community Associations Institute and an organization called Associa. The latter has already suggested to Representative Kinzinger that he "re-think" the bill. As such, Imlay says that a lot more co-sponsors are needed for this bill.

While the ARRL has been very successful in getting HR 4969 before the House of Representatives it appears as if not every ham is in favor of its being passed into law. In an interview on the video podcast HamRadioNow, viewer Mike Alexander, N8MSA takes what he calls a principled stand against the measure.

N8MSA spends about 40 minutes explaining his point of view and answering questions from moderator Gary Pearce, KN4AQ. You can see the interview in episode 158 of the video podcast HamRadioNow at hamradionow.tv. (HamRadioNow)


Source Gary Bernstein, N9VU

Saturday, July 12, 2014

Letter from Camp

Letter from camp;

Dear Mom,

Our Scoutmaster told us all to write to our parents in case you
saw the flood on TV and worried.  We are OK.  Only one of our
tents and two sleeping bags got washed away.  Luckily, none of us
got drowned because we were all up on the mountain looking for
Chad when it happened.

Oh yes, please call Chad's mother and tell her that he's OK.  He
can't write because of the cast. I got to ride on one of the
search and rescue jeeps. It was neat. We never would have found
him in the dark if it hadn't been for the lightning.

Scoutmaster Webb got mad at Chad for going on a hike alone
without telling anyone.  Chad said he did tell him, but it was
during the fire so he probably didn't hear him.

Did you know that if you put a gas can on a fire, the gas can
will blow up?  Billy is going to look weird until his hair grows
back.

We will be home on Saturday if Scoutmaster Webb gets the car
fixed. It wasn't his fault about the wreck.  The brakes worked OK
when we left. Scoutmaster Webb said that with a car that old you
to have to expect something to break down; that's probably why he
can't get insurance on it. We think it's a neat car.  He doesn't
care if we get it dirty, and if it's hot, sometimes he lets us
ride in the tailgate. It gets pretty hot with ten people in a
car.

Scoutmaster Webb is a neat guy. Don't worry, he is a good driver.
  In fact, he is teaching Terry how to drive. But he only lets him
drive on the mountain roads where there isn't any traffic. All we
ever see up there are logging trucks.

Guess what?  We have all passed our first aid merit badges. When
Dave dove in the lake and cut his arm, we got to see how a
tourniquet works.

Also, Wade and I threw up.  Scoutmaster Webb said it probably was
just food poisoning from  the leftover chicken. He said they got
sick that way with the food they ate in prison.

I'm so glad he got out and became our scoutmaster. He said he
sure figured out how to get things done better while he was doing
his time.

I have to go now. We are going into town to mail our letters and
buy more bullets and dynamite.

Don't worry about anything.  We are fine.

Love,
Johnny

Saturday, July 5, 2014

World War II Field Phone

I received this U.S. Army Field Phone from a friend. 

We are thinking it is WWII.

Thoughts?







Tuesday, July 1, 2014

Central States VHF Society is Soliciting Papers for Conference

The Central States VHF Society is soliciting papers and presentations for the 48th annual conference slated for July 25th to the 27th in Austin, Texas.

Papers and presentations pertaining to all aspects of operation on VHF and above frequencies other than FM and repeaters are welcome. The due date for all entries is April 23rd with all submission going via e-mail to Tom Apel or Dick Hanson via e-mail to tom at k5tra dot net or dick at dkhanson dot com.

This years featured dinner speaker will be Jimmy Treybig, W6JKV. And possibly as an added incentive, planners say that there will be Best Presentation and Best Technical Paper awards presented at this year’s convention banquet. 
Source:  csvhfs.org. (VHF Reflector)

Tuesday, June 24, 2014

Quote for Today

I found this quote many years ago in a family members bible that was given to me. 

Nothing marked in it. No personal notes.

Just a book marker that read this quote. 


"Be true to yourself, help others, make each day your masterpiece, make friendship a fine art, drink deeply from good books - especially the Bible, build a shelter against a rainy day, give thanks for your blessings and pray for guidance every day."


Saturday, June 21, 2014

Tubes

I bought this entire kit of tubes for $10.00 dollars.


I know, what to do with them? I have many projects in mind.

Saturday, June 7, 2014

SAIPAN from June 21-22

JA3IUY will be active as AH0CI from the Saipan Rental Shack in the Northern Mariana Islands between June 21st and 22nd. Operations will be on all bands and modes. QSL via his home callsign, either direct or via the bureau. (OPDX)

Friday, June 6, 2014

Ham Radio assisted in Reactivating Three Decade Old NASA Satellite

Ham radio has assisted in reactivating an over three decade old NASA satellite.

The U-K newspaper the Daily Mail says that several radio amateurs were involved with Project Reboot in regaining control on May 29th of the 35 year old abandoned International Sun-Earth Explorer 3 spacecraft. Hams named in the article include Dennis Wingo, KD4ETA; Achim Vollhardt, DH2VA, and Mario Lorenz DL5MLO.

The International Sun-Earth Explorer was launched in 1978 to study Earth’s magnetosphere. It carries thirteen scientific instruments to measure plasmas, energetic particles, waves, and fields. As of this past May, all but one is thought to be functional. An on-board data handling system gathers the scientific and engineering information from all systems in the spacecraft. It then formats this information into a serial stream for transmission back to Earth by an on-board 5 watt transmitter.

After completing its main mission, the satellite was repurposed in 1983 to study two comets. At that time it was renamed the International Cometary Explorer and has been in a heliocentric orbit since then, traveling just slightly faster than Earth. It’s finally catching up to our planet from behind, and will be closest to Earth this August.

Now, KD4ETA has released an update on the attempts by the projects volunteers, including the radio amateurs, to gain control of the spacecraft. According to Wingo, the probe has been successfully commanded into engineering telemetry mode. He noted the job done by DH2VA and also Phil Karn, KA9Q, to make this happen. Karn is well known in the amateur radio community for his work on the KA9Q Network Operating System, the early 9600 bit FSK radio modems, and more recently, the introduction of forward error correction into the Amateur Satellite Service.

As we go to air, Project Reboot members are working on deadline. If they get the spacecraft to change its orbit quickly, it can use the Moon's gravity to get back into a useful halo orbit. If not, the fear is that for all practical purposes the International Sun-Earth Explorer 3 could be lost. We will keep you posted.

For the Amateur Radio Newsline, I’m Heather Embee, KB3TZD, in Berwick, Pennsylvania.

--

The actual first command to the revived International Sun-Earth Explorer 3 spacecraft was successfully sent from the Arecibo Radio Observatory in Puerto Rico using the facilities 305 meter dish. This after the volunteer team installed the needed modulator, demodulator and power amplifier to make contact and control of the satellite possible. More is on the web at tinyurl.com/reboot-project (AMSAT-UK, Daily Mail, Southgate)

Thursday, June 5, 2014

118 New Hams coming to the air from South Africa

Listen out for upward of 118 new hams coming to the air from South Africa. This after South African Radio League Radio Examination Manager ZS4GJA, reports a good pass rate for the ham radio exams administered last month.

Unlike other countries South Africa only has two amateur radio exams each year. They are held in May and October, with usually around 120 successful candidates for each session. Call signs for candidates who submitted all the paperwork prior to the May examination have been published and they may start using their new call signs immediately.

Artsat One Invader Reports Needed

Masahiro Sanada, JI1ZR reports the amateur radio CubeSat Artsat One Invader also known as CO-77 is in trouble and he is asks radio hams world-wide to keep an ear open for the bird and to report anything heard.

According to Sanada, the satellite does not reply to commands from the control station and those involved in the project are trying to find out why in hope of finding a fix or work-around. The downlink frequency for Artsat One Invader is 437.325MHz. If you hear the bird please send that information via a form on the web at api.artsat.jp/report

Wednesday, June 4, 2014

ICELAND DX – JUNE 27 TO JULY 4

In DX up-front, ON6KE has announced that he will be active stroke T F from Iceland between June 27th and July 4th. His operation will be low power holiday style, mostly in the early mornings and evenings on the High Frequency bands using CW, SSB and JT65. Equipment is a FT-817ND and magnetic loop antenna. QSL only electronically using Logbook of the World or eQSL.

Tuesday, May 20, 2014

Oklahoma Grant Will Fund Amateur Radio-Based SKYWARN Location-Tracking System

 Oklahoma Grant Will Fund Amateur Radio-Based SKYWARN Location-Tracking System:  http://t.co/ex1EBp51Sv

My Stamp Collecting Blog

Counter Added January 1, 2011

free counters

HOW TO READ PROPAGATION NUMBERS

The A index [ LOW is GOOD ]

  • 1 to 6 is BEST
  • 7 to 9 is OK
  • 11 or more is BAD

Represents the overall geomagnetic condition of the ionosphere ("Ap" if averaged from the Kp-Index) (an average of the eight 3-hour K-Indices) ('A' referring to amplitude) over a given 24 hour period, ranging (linearly) typically from 1-100 but theoretically up to 400.

A lower A-Index generally suggests better propagation on the 10, 12, 15, 17, & 20 Meter Bands; a low & steady Ap-Index generally suggest good propagation on the 30, 40, 60, 80, & 160 Meter Bands.

SFI index [ HIGH is GOOD ]

  • 70 NOT GOOD
  • 80 GOOD
  • 90 BETTER
  • 100+ BEST

The measure of total radio emissions from the sun at 10.7cm (2800 MHz), on a scale of 60 (no sunspots) to 300, generally corresponding to the sunspot level, but being too low in energy to cause ionization, not related to the ionization level of the Ionosphere.

Higher Solar Flux generally suggests better propagation on the 10, 12, 15, 17, & 20 Meter Bands; Solar Flux rarely affects the 30, 40, 60, 80, & 160 Meter Bands.

K index [ LOW is GOOD ]

  • 0 or 1 is BEST
  • 2 is OK
  • 3 or more is BAD
  • 5 is VERY VERY BAD

The overall geomagnetic condition of the ionosphere ("Kp" if averaged over the planet) over the past 3 hours, measured by 13 magnetometers between 46 & 63 degrees of latitude, and ranging quasi-logarithmically from 0-9. Designed to detect solar particle radiation by its magnetic effect. A higher K-index generally means worse HF conditions.

A lower K-Index generally suggests better propagation on the 10, 12, 15, 17, & 20 Meter Bands; a low & steady Kp-Index generally suggest good propagation on the 30, 40, 60, 80, & 160 Meter Bands.

Terms of Service

[In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, this material is distributed without profit, for research and/or educational purposes. This constitutes 'FAIR USE' of any such copyrighted material.]
I am not responsible for any thing that happens to your mental health, computer and all personal property because you visited my site.
This site is a collection of some things sent to me by e-mail, obtained from other blogs and the internet. If there is a picture or quote that is copyrighted to you let me know and I will remove your item .
Thoughts expressed in my blog are just that . I give My Opinion on the many events, products and how too, reported by the media and other web-sites.
Do not use this blog site to obtain weather events or disasters information. What I post may not be correct. Always get information from the proper media, weather (NWS)(NOAA)
Pacific Tsunami Warning Center and USGS sites