The severe earthquake that has struck Haiti and the has inflicted large-scale damage, including on hospitals and health facilities, and large numbers of casualties are feared.
Immediate health priorities are:
- of survivors trapped underneath rubble;
- treatment of people with major trauma injuries;
- preventing the infection of wounds; and
- ensuring breast-feeding is continued.
Communicable disease control will be another major concern in coming days. WHO is working with local authorities, United Nations agencies and humanitarian partners to respond to the emergency. More specifically, WHO is supporting the government to best coordinate the international health assistance to the country. WHO is also collecting data on the health impact of the earthquake to disseminate to other . In addition, WHO is deploying an initial 12-member team of health and logistics experts to the affected locations. The WHO experts being sent include specialists in the management of dead bodies, mass casualty management, specialist in health services and coordination of emergency health response. The WHO experts being sent include specialists in the management of dead bodies, mass casualty management, specialist in health services and coordination of emergency health response. UN buildings, including the WHO premises, have suffered damage in the magnitude 7.0 earthquake, which struck on 12 January, the main force of which being felt 17 kilometres south-west of the Haitian capital, Port-au-Prince. Haiti is a country that has already suffered from years of humanitarian crisis and , including a series of hurricanes that battered the country in 2008.
Health Action in Crises
Wednesday, January 13, 2010
Haiti; Immediate Health Priorities
HOW TO READ PROPAGATION NUMBERS
The A index [ LOW is GOOD ]
- 1 to 6 is BEST
- 7 to 9 is OK
- 11 or more is BAD
Represents the overall geomagnetic condition of the ionosphere ("Ap" if averaged from the Kp-Index) (an average of the eight 3-hour K-Indices) ('A' referring to amplitude) over a given 24 hour period, ranging (linearly) typically from 1-100 but theoretically up to 400.
A lower A-Index generally suggests better propagation on the 10, 12, 15, 17, & 20 Meter Bands; a low & steady Ap-Index generally suggest good propagation on the 30, 40, 60, 80, & 160 Meter Bands.
SFI index [ HIGH is GOOD ]
- 70 NOT GOOD
- 80 GOOD
- 90 BETTER
- 100+ BEST
The measure of total radio emissions from the sun at 10.7cm (2800 MHz), on a scale of 60 (no sunspots) to 300, generally corresponding to the sunspot level, but being too low in energy to cause ionization, not related to the ionization level of the Ionosphere.
Higher Solar Flux generally suggests better propagation on the 10, 12, 15, 17, & 20 Meter Bands; Solar Flux rarely affects the 30, 40, 60, 80, & 160 Meter Bands.
K index [ LOW is GOOD ]
- 0 or 1 is BEST
- 2 is OK
- 3 or more is BAD
- 5 is VERY VERY BAD
The overall geomagnetic condition of the ionosphere ("Kp" if averaged over the planet) over the past 3 hours, measured by 13 magnetometers between 46 & 63 degrees of latitude, and ranging quasi-logarithmically from 0-9. Designed to detect solar particle radiation by its magnetic effect. A higher K-index generally means worse HF conditions.
A lower K-Index generally suggests better propagation on the 10, 12, 15, 17, & 20 Meter Bands; a low & steady Kp-Index generally suggest good propagation on the 30, 40, 60, 80, & 160 Meter Bands.
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